Long-term thermal sensitivity of Earth’s tropical forests

| May 22, 2020 | Leave a Comment

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Date of Publication: May 2020

Author(s): Martin J. P. Sullivan

Journal: Science

Categories: , , , ,

The sensitivity of tropical forest carbon to climate is a key uncertainty in predicting global climate change. Although short-term drying and warming are
known to affect forests, it is unknown if such effects translate into long-term responses. Here, we analyze 590 permanent plots measured across the tropics
to derive the equilibrium climate controls on forest carbon. Maximum temperature is the most important predictor of aboveground biomass (−9.1 megagrams
of carbon per hectare per degree Celsius), primarily by reducing woody productivity, and has a greater impact per °C in the hottest forests (>32.2°C). Our
results nevertheless reveal greater thermal resilience than observations of short-term variation imply. To realize the long-term climate adaptation potential
of tropical forests requires both protecting them and stabilizing Earth’s climate.

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