The Squirrel Factor

Kelman, Ilan | June 2, 2015 | Leave a Comment Download as PDF

Squirrel in Toronto, Ontario by Ilan Kelman

On 21 October 2014, parts of Providence, Rhode Island experienced a blackout for two hours. Local media reported that a squirrel entered a power station and became a conductor, knocking out electricity.

Is it possible to create an electricity supply system that is robust to invading creatures? Or is this truly a “natural disaster” since the squirrel is part of the natural system–albeit adapted to the urban life and exposing vulnerabilities of human infrastructure? When planning for power outages, how much should squirrels be factored in?

Some private companies make good money modelling blackout frequency, severity, and consequences. Should their models incorporate, even as a “random” factor, infiltrating rodents?

The Squirrel Factor goes beyond localised electricity failures. In December 2014, at the American Geophysical Union’s Fall Meeting in San Francisco, one presentation described how squirrels contribute to climate change.

According to their research, Arctic ground squirrel burrows in Siberia warm the surrounding soil contributing to permafrost melt and hence releasing greenhouse gases. Yet complex feedback cycles involve nitrogen, plus climate change could affect squirrel populations and thus burrow numbers.

How could these animalistic challenges be incorporated into equations, models, and calculations supporting sustainability work, whether related to climate change or electricity? Do we need to?

Perhaps the sustainability key is not being prepared for everything. Instead we ought to be creative, adaptable, and flexible to deal with anything which manifests, squirrel-related or otherwise.

The bad news is that the squirrel in Providence did not survive.

Ilan Kelman is a reader in Risk, Resilience and Global Health at University College London.

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  • Erik Assadourian

    What do you mean the bad news is the squirrel didn’t survive? That’s lunch! Flash fried at a perfect 75000 Volts! But your bigger point of simplifying is right on. Reducing overall electricity consumption, demand for electricity and fuel, and the rest of the unsustainable baggage of our consumer society must be a priority.

    And at the same time, populating the blogosphere with some good recipes for squirrel might help too. As the global food trade is disrupted due to climate change, squirrel, pigeon and feral dog will all become delicacies! I’ll start:

  • This seems to presume that humanity is organized enough politically and otherwise to achieve sustainability before the world’s life-support system for humans comes crashing down. To me, that is an audacious presumption. I have no objection to attempts to incorporate such seemingly random perturbations into humanity’s plans for survival, presuming that humanity is sufficiently organized and capable of following reasoned global plans and actions to achieve sustainability before great harm occurs. However, that is just another version of the audacious presumption.